This day in history

Discussion in 'Across the Board' started by Iris, Jan 5, 2014.

  1. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    birthday of Victor Hugo - 1802 - Author

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  2. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    Mar 1, 1932: Lindbergh baby kidnapped

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    On this day in 1932, in a crime that captured the attention of the entire nation, Charles Lindbergh III, the 20-month-old son of aviation hero Charles Lindbergh, is kidnapped from the family's new mansion in Hopewell, New Jersey. Lindbergh, who became an international celebrity when he flew the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927, and his wife Anne discovered a ransom note demanding $50,000 in their son's empty room. The kidnapper used a ladder to climb up to the open second-floor window and left muddy footprints in the room.

    The Lindberghs were inundated by offers of assistance and false clues. Even Al Capone offered his help from prison. For three days, investigators found nothing and there was no further word from the kidnappers. Then, a new letter showed up, this time demanding $70,000.

    The kidnappers eventually gave instructions for dropping off the money and when it was delivered, the Lindberghs were told their baby was on a boat called Nelly off the coast of Massachusetts. After an exhaustive search, however, there was no sign of either the boat or the child. Soon after, the baby's body was discovered near the Lindbergh mansion. He had been killed the night of the kidnapping and was found less than a mile from home. The heartbroken Lindberghs ended up donating the mansion to charity and moved away.

    The kidnapping looked like it would go unsolved until September 1934, when a marked bill from the ransom turned up. The gas station attendant who had accepted the bill wrote down the license plate number because he was suspicious of the driver. It was tracked back to a German immigrant and carpenter, Bruno Hauptmann. When his home was searched, detectives found a chunk of Lindbergh ransom money.

    Hauptmann claimed that a friend had given him the money to hold and that he had no connection to the crime. The resulting trial was a national sensation. The prosecution's case was not particularly strong; the main evidence, besides the money, was testimony from handwriting experts that the ransom note had been written by Hauptmann. The prosecution also tried to establish a connection between Hauptmann and the type of wood that was used to make the ladder.

    Still, the evidence and intense public pressure were enough to convict Hauptmann and he was electrocuted in 1935. In the aftermath of the crime├óÔé¼ÔÇØthe most notorious of the 1930s├óÔé¼ÔÇØkidnapping was made a federal offense.
     
  3. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    [size=12pt][size=8pt]On this day in history: First non-stop flight around the world, 1949[/size][/size]

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    At 10:22 on the morning of 2nd March 1949, a B-50 Superfortress of the the United States Air Force called Lucky Lady II flew past the control tower at Carswell Air Force Base at Forth Worth, Texas, marking the completion of the first non-stop flight around the world. The aircraft had lifted off from the same airbase a little over eighty-four hours earlier. The fourteen strong crew, commanded by Captain James Gallagher, worked in rotation to achieve their secret objective.
     
  4. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    9. March. 1841 The Supreme Court ruled that the Amistad slaves were free.

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    La Amistad was a 19th-century two-masted schooner built in Spain and owned by a Spaniard living in Cuba. While it was transporting Mende captives originally kidnapped in Sierra Leone from Havana, Cuba, in July 1839, the Africans took control of the ship. La Amistad was captured off the coast of Long Island by the Revenue Cutter USS Washington. The Mende and La Amistad were interned while court proceedings were undertaken for their disposition. The case, United States v. The Amistad (1841) was finally decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in favor of the Mende, restoring their freedom. It became a symbol in the movement to abolish slavery.

    See also Amistad (1997) . Great movie ! :)
     
  5. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    11. March. 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the Soviet leader

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  6. forgotten in space

    forgotten in space Champion Super Mod

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    [quote author=Iris link=topic=179.msg24496#msg24496 date=1393691533]
    Mar 1, 1932: Lindbergh baby kidnapped

    [​IMG]

    On this day in 1932, in a crime that captured the attention of the entire nation, Charles Lindbergh III, the 20-month-old son of aviation hero Charles Lindbergh, is kidnapped from the family's new mansion in Hopewell, New Jersey. Lindbergh, who became an international celebrity when he flew the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927, and his wife Anne discovered a ransom note demanding $50,000 in their son's empty room. The kidnapper used a ladder to climb up to the open second-floor window and left muddy footprints in the room.

    The Lindberghs were inundated by offers of assistance and false clues. Even Al Capone offered his help from prison. For three days, investigators found nothing and there was no further word from the kidnappers. Then, a new letter showed up, this time demanding $70,000.

    The kidnappers eventually gave instructions for dropping off the money and when it was delivered, the Lindberghs were told their baby was on a boat called Nelly off the coast of Massachusetts. After an exhaustive search, however, there was no sign of either the boat or the child. Soon after, the baby's body was discovered near the Lindbergh mansion. He had been killed the night of the kidnapping and was found less than a mile from home. The heartbroken Lindberghs ended up donating the mansion to charity and moved away.

    The kidnapping looked like it would go unsolved until September 1934, when a marked bill from the ransom turned up. The gas station attendant who had accepted the bill wrote down the license plate number because he was suspicious of the driver. It was tracked back to a German immigrant and carpenter, Bruno Hauptmann. When his home was searched, detectives found a chunk of Lindbergh ransom money.

    Hauptmann claimed that a friend had given him the money to hold and that he had no connection to the crime. The resulting trial was a national sensation. The prosecution's case was not particularly strong; the main evidence, besides the money, was testimony from handwriting experts that the ransom note had been written by Hauptmann. The prosecution also tried to establish a connection between Hauptmann and the type of wood that was used to make the ladder.

    Still, the evidence and intense public pressure were enough to convict Hauptmann and he was electrocuted in 1935. In the aftermath of the crime├óÔé¼ÔÇØthe most notorious of the 1930s├óÔé¼ÔÇØkidnapping was made a federal offense.
    [/quote]

    that's so fucked up that he was convicted with that "evidence" :|
     
  7. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    13.March.1942, the Quartermaster Corps (QMC) of the United States Army begins training dogs for the newly established War Dog Program, or "K-9 Corps."

    Well over a million dogs served on both sides during World War I, carrying messages along the complex network of trenches and providing some measure of psychological comfort to the soldiers. The most famous dog to emerge from the war was Rin Tin Tin, an abandoned puppy of German war dogs found in France in 1918 and taken to the United States, where he made his film debut in the 1922 silent film The Man from Hell's River. As the first bona fide animal movie star, Rin Tin Tin made the little-known German Shepherd breed famous across the country.

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    In the United States, the practice of training dogs for military purposes was largely abandoned after World War I. When the country entered World War II in December 1941, the American Kennel Association and a group called Dogs for Defense began a movement to mobilize dog owners to donate healthy and capable animals to the Quartermaster Corps of the U.S. Army. Training began in March 1942, and that fall the QMC was given the task of training dogs for the U.S. Navy, Marines and Coast Guard as well.

    The K-9 Corps initially accepted over 30 breeds of dogs, but the list was soon narrowed to seven: German Shepherds, Belgian sheep dogs, Doberman Pinschers, collies, Siberian Huskies, Malumutes and Eskimo dogs. Members of the K-9 Corps were trained for a total of 8 to 12 weeks. After basic obedience training, they were sent through one of four specialized programs to prepare them for work as sentry dogs, scout or patrol dogs, messenger dogs or mine-detection dogs. In active combat duty, scout dogs proved especially essential by alerting patrols to the approach of the enemy and preventing surprise attacks.

    [size=8pt]Source: History[/size]​
     
  8. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    22. March. 1457 - Gutenberg Bible became the first printed book.

    [glow=red,2,300]The Gutenberg Bible[/glow] (also known as the 42-line Bible, the Mazarin Bible or the B42) was the first major book printed in the West using movable type. It marked the start of the "Gutenberg Revolution" and the age of the printed book in the West. Widely praised for its high aesthetic and artistic qualities, the book has an iconic status. Written in Latin, the Gutenberg Bible is an edition of the Vulgate, printed by Johannes Gutenberg, in Mainz, Germany, in the 1450s. Forty-eight copies, or substantial portions of copies, survive, and they are considered to be among the most valuable books in the world, even though a complete copy has not been sold since 1978. The 36-line Bible, believed to be the second printed version of the Bible, is also sometimes referred to as a Gutenberg Bible, but is likely the work of another printer.

    [size=8pt]Wiki[/size]​

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    Gutenberg Bible of the New York Public Library. Bought by James Lenox in 1847, it was the first copy to come to the United States.
     
  9. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    3. April.1973, the first handheld portable telephone was demonstrated for reporters on a New York City street corner as Motorola executive Martin Cooper called Joel S. Engel of Bell Labs.

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  10. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    April 5, 1971 Canadian Fran Phipps became the first woman to reach the North Pole.

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  11. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    April 20, 1889 Adolf Hitler, Date of birth
    :|

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  12. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    April 25, 1940 Al Pacino date of birth.

    Great actor! :occasion13:

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  13. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    27. April. 1865 The worst steamship disaster in the history of the United States occurred when there was an explosion aboard the Sultana. More than 1,400 people were killed.

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  14. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    16.05.1963 - After 22 Earth orbits Gordon Cooper returned to Earth, ending Project Mercury.

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    Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States led by its newly created space agency NASA. It ran from 1959 through 1963 with the goal of putting a human in orbit around the Earth, and doing it before the Soviet Union, as part of the early space race. It involved seven astronauts flying a total of six solo trips.

    On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space in a suborbital flight after the Soviet Union had put Yuri Gagarin into orbit one month earlier. John Glenn became the first American to reach orbit on February 20, 1962. He was the third person to do so, after Soviet Gherman Titov made a day-long flight in August 1961. When the project ended in May 1963, the Americans' NASA program was still behind the Soviet space program, but the gap was seen as closing.

    wiki​
     
  15. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    17.May.1792 - The New York Stock Exchange was founded at 70 Wall Street by 24 brokers

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  16. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    29. May. 1917
    John F. Kennedy was born in Brookline, Mass.

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  17. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    1883 Franz Kafka, Prague-born German, novelist (The Metamorphosis, The Trail).

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  18. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    6.July.1535

    Sir Thomas More was beheaded after refusing to join Henry VIII's Church of England.
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  19. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    1. September.1939
    World War II began when Nazi Germany invaded Poland.

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    1. September.1983
    A Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 was shot down by a Soviet jet fighter, killing all 269 people aboard.

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    <<KAL 007 started out in New York City and had made a stopover in Anchorage, Alaska, before heading to its final destination: Seoul, Korea.

    The Boeing 747 started to stray from its normal path almost immediately after takeoff, and ended up nearly 200 miles off course. It crossed into Kamchatka Peninsula, the location of top-secret Soviet military installations. At the time, a U.S. reconnaissance plane that resembles a 747 aircraft was moving in and out of the range of the Soviet defense system.

    The Soviets, not recognizing that KAL 007 was a passenger airplane, sent two jet fighters to intercept it. They tried to make contact and failed to receive a response.

    A Soviet Su-15 fired a heat-seeking missile at the plane, which crashed into the Sea of Japan near Sakhalin Island.

    The event sparked tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. President Ronald Reagan called it a ├óÔé¼┼ômassacre├óÔé¼ and said that the Soviets had turned ├óÔé¼┼ôagainst the world and the moral precepts which guide human relations among people everywhere.├óÔé¼>>
     
  20. Iris

    Iris Superhero Member Admin

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    3. September.1965 Charlie Sheen was born :tard2:

    I liked him in Two and a Half Men. He was awesome :o

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